Austria is placing millions of people not fully vaccinated against the coronavirus in lockdown from tomorrow.
It comes as the country seeks to deal with a surge in infections to record levels and the growing strain on intensive-care units, the government said.
Europe is the epicentre of the Covid-19 pandemic again, prompting some governments to consider re-imposing unpopular lockdowns.
Austria has one of the continent’s highest infection rates, with a seven-day incidence of 815 per 100,000 people.
“We are not taking this step lightly but it is necessary,” Chancellor Alexander Schallenberg told a news conference announcing the new measure.
From tomorrow, the unvaccinated can only leave their homes for a limited number of reasons such as going to work or shopping for essentials.
Roughly 65% of Austria’s population is fully vaccinated against Covid-19, one of the lowest rates in western Europe.
Many Austrians are sceptical about vaccines, a view encouraged by the far-right Freedom Party, the third biggest in parliament.
The measures tomorrow will extend those brought in a week ago which banned the unvaccinated from places including restaurants, hotels, theatres and ski lifts.
While the Netherlands is dealing with its surge in cases by imposing a partial lockdown that applies to all, Austria’s conservative-led government wants to avoid imposing further restrictions on those who are fully vaccinated.
“In reality we have told one third of the population: you will not leave your apartment anymore apart from for certain reasons. That is a massive reduction in contacts between the vaccinated and the unvaccinated,” Chancellor Schallenberg said.
In Germany, the federal government and leaders of Germany’s 16 states are due to meet next week to discuss tightening measures.
Germany has already classified Austria as a high-risk area, meaning people arriving from there have to go into quarantine, a blow to Austria’s winter tourism industry.
Targeted measures have recently been introduced in Australia, where 83% of people aged 16 and above have been fully inoculated.
Some states have mandated vaccinations for some occupations and barred the unvaccinated from activities such as dining out, leading to demonstrations.
Singapore, where 85% of the population has been fully vaccinated, has said those who remained unvaccinated by choice would have to foot their medical bills from next month.
Austria’s lockdown, which does not apply to the under-12s or people who have recently recovered from Covid-19, will initially last 10 days, Health Minister Wolfgang Mueckstein said.
Many officials, including within Chancellor Schallenberg’s conservative party and the police, have expressed doubts this lockdown can be properly enforced as it applies to only part of the population.
Interior Minister Karl Nehammer said there will be thorough police checks.